Question

When do you use は?

What are some basic rules when using は.


2

This is a difficult one because there is some nuance.

は and が just mark the subject of the sentence.

は is used when there's no need to emphasize the word before it

わたし がくせい です。 I am a student.

So the subject is still "I", but it doesn't matter that you are a student. You could just say がくせい です and the person would understand that you are the student.

When you use が, you are emphasizing the subject more.

わたし がくせい です。I am a student.

In that example, you are telling the person it is you who is the student. No one else. You.

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