What are common basic sentence structures?
Simple sentences, compound sentences, passive voice, third person, etc... what are some common ways to string phrases into complete sentences without the use of glyph marks such as ", ; : - ? !" found in western alphabets.
You can connect two complete short sentences using 「から (kara)」or 「ので(node)」 to indicate a reason for something:
Jikan ga nakatta [kara] party ni ikanakatta.
(There was no time so didn't go to party. )
When used to combine two simple sentences together with 「のに (noni)」or「ので(node)」, it means "[Sentence 1] despite the fact that [Sentence 2].":
Mainichi undou shiteiru [noni] taijyu ga heranai.
(Despite exercising every day, I am not losing weight )