English grammar - ~ing usage

fartash yavari fartash yavari (0) on 03/03/14

I want to know that when we add ing to a word what happens to it? Is it become a noun or an adjective? For instance when we say "overwhelming experience" in this case -ing creates an adjective and when we say "it causes overcrowding" it creates a noun. Also i want to know if it can create a noun or an adjective for a word. Like can we say "overcrowding areas" and hence using word+ing as a noun or an adjective.



You're right. Adding -ing can make either an adjective or a noun. But I've never heard "overcrowding areas." It would be more usual to say "areas of overcrowding" or "overcrowded areas."



christopher  rehm christopher rehm (0) on 29/08/14

When you add ing to a word it makes it a gerund, a concept from latin. If the gerund is directly preceded by a form of to be then you have the present continuous tense. If not then it can be either an adjective or a noun, depending on its place in the sentence. This is why word order is so important in english, ALL the grammar comes from word order. If you word order is wrong, your grammar is wrong and you can change the sentences meaning.

christopher  rehm christopher rehm (0) on 29/08/14

In English, endings by themselves, do NOT tell you what their grammatical function is. Ing can be used as a main verb, a noun, or an adjective. The ending ed can be a past participle or an adjective, and occasionally in colloquial usage it can be a noun , but it sounds slangy. Be careful of endings, they do not tell you the function of a word, only word order does.

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