Question

I don't have or I haven't?

Hello! Which of them are correct?

Answers

1

С точки зрения грамматики английского языка разница между I don't have or I haven't огромная. В первом случае глагол have - это самостоятельный смысловой глагол в значении иметь, поэтому в вопросительной и отрицательной форме он требует вспомогательный глагол dо. И этот же глагол have выступает как вспомогательный во всех временах группы Perfect. Поэтому в конструкциях I have had, I had had глагол have одновременно выступает и в той, и другой роли. Вопрос и отрицание в случае вспомогательной функции формируется самим глаголом have: Have you been to Paris? - I haven't been to Paris. В конструкции to have to do sth глагол have также потребует в вопросе и отрицании глагола do, здесь он то же смысловой. Носители языка, пожалуй, и не задумываются над этим, это для них естественно. Это ясно видно из их ответов.

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Comments

1

A confusion is that we have two "haves" in English: one have for possession (I have a book.) and the other have as part of a verb to talk about the past (I have eaten.)

Possession have:

"I don't have a book" and "I haven't a book" are both "correct" (as are "Do you have a book?" and "Have you a book?", but in American English people almost always use "do" and "don't", and almost never say it the second way.

Verb part have:

"I haven't eaten" and "Have you eaten?" are the only correct ways; never "I don't have eaten."

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Comments

0

and what about "I have no time" ? is it correct or not?

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Comments

0

You can use both like this:

I don't have time.

I haven't got time.

They are used to talk about things you don't have, but "I haven't" can also be used to talk about things you have not done, or haven't done in some time. Example:

I haven't been to London for three years.

I haven't ever been to London.

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Basil Stroilove Basil Stroilove (0) on 13/11/17

Some people happen to say: "I haven't a book". Is it appropriate in any of the means?

Nate Hill Nate Hill (2) on 16/11/17

That would be very uncommon in the US as it sounds pretty old-fashioned.

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